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Sample Set Information

ID TSE1303
Title Exploring molecular backgrounds of quality traits in rice by predictive models based on high-coverage metabolomics
Description BACKGROUND:

Increasing awareness of limitations to natural resources has set high expectations for plant science to deliver efficient crops with increased yields, improved stress tolerance, and tailored composition. Collections of representative varieties are a valuable resource for compiling broad breeding germplasms that can satisfy these diverse needs.

Here we show that the untargeted high-coverage metabolomic characterization of such core collections is a powerful approach for studying the molecular backgrounds of quality traits and for constructing predictive metabolome-trait models. We profiled the metabolic composition of kernels from field-grown plants of the rice diversity research set using 4 complementary analytical platforms. We found that the metabolite profiles were correlated with both the overall population structure and fine-grained genetic diversity. Multivariate regression analysis showed that 10 of the 17 studied quality traits could be predicted from the metabolic composition independently of the population structure. Furthermore, the model of amylose ratio could be validated using external varieties grown in an independent experiment.

Our results demonstrate the utility of metabolomics for linking traits with quantitative molecular data. This opens up new opportunities for trait prediction and construction of tailored germplasms to support modern plant breeding.

Authors Redestig H, Kusano M, Ebana K, Kobayashi M, Oikawa A, Okazaki Y, Matsuda F, Arita M, Fujita N, Saito K
Reference BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Oct 28;5:176.

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Sample Preparation Details Information

Title Sample Preparation
Description Growth condition

Twenty-five rice seeds for each of RDRS were sown at a rice field in NIAS, Tsukuba (Lat., 36.030753; Long. 140.099858), Japan in Spring. For the external set of samples, seeds were grown at a rice field in Akita (Lat. 39.803897; Long. 140.046451), Japan.

Sampling and sampling date
For RDRS, seeds were harvested independently for each variety after 40 days, starting from the day on which the first panicle of rice was observed in 2005 and 2006. For others, seeds were also harvested independently for each variety in 2005 (for Yumetoiro, Hoshiyutaka, Kinmaze, Soft158, el and Nipponbare) and 2008 (for 4019 and Nipponbare).


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