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ID TSE1305
Title A new class of plant lipid is essential for protection against phosphorus depletion.
Description Phosphorus supply is a major factor responsible for reduced crop yields. As a result, plants utilize various adaptive mechanisms against phosphorus depletion, including lipid remodelling. Here we report the involvement of a novel plant lipid, glucuronosyldiacylglycerol, against phosphorus depletion. Lipidomic analysis of Arabidopsis plants cultured in phosphorus-depleted conditions revealed inducible accumulation of glucuronosyldiacylglycerol. Investigation using a series of sulfolipid sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol synthesis-deficient mutants of Arabidopsis determined that the biosynthesis of glucuronosyldiacylglycerol shares the pathway of sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol synthesis in chloroplasts. Under phosphorus-depleted conditions, the Arabidopsis sqd2 mutant, which does not accumulate either sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol or glucuronosyldiacylglycerol, was the most severely damaged of three sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol-deficient mutants. As glucuronosyldiacylglycerol is still present in the other two mutants, this result indicates that glucuronosyldiacylglycerol has a role in the protection of plants against phosphorus limitation stress. Glucuronosyldiacylglycerol was also found in rice, and its concentration increased significantly following phosphorus limitation, suggesting a shared physiological significance of this novel lipid against phosphorus depletion in plants.
Authors Okazaki Y, Otsuki H, Narisawa T, Kobayashi M, Sawai S, Kamide Y, Kusano M, Aoki T, Hirai MY, Saito K.
Reference Nat Commun. 2013;4:1510. doi: 10.1038/ncomms2512.

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